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Writing rules
==============

At the bare minimum, a package in contrib must provide two Makefile
targets in src/foo/rules.mak:
 - .foo to build and install the package, and
 - .sum-foo to fetch or create a source tarball and verify it,
where foo the package name.


Tarball
--------

.sum-foo typically depends on a separate target that fetches the source
code. In that case, .sum-foo needs only verify that the tarball
is correct, e.g.:


	$(TARBALLS)/libfoo-$(FOO_VERSION).tar.bz2:
		$(call download,$(FOO_URL))

	# This will use the default rule: check SHA-512
	.sum-foo: libfoo-$(FOO_VERSION).tar.bz2

NOTE: contrary to the previous VLC contribs, this system always uses
a source tarball, even if the source code is downloaded from a VCS.
This serves two purposes:
 - offline builds (or behind a firewall),
 - source code requirements compliance.


Compilation
------------

Similarly, .foo typically depends on the source code directory. In this
case, care must be taken that the directory name only exists if the
source code is fully ready. Otherwise Makefile dependencies will break
(this is not an issue for files, only directories).

	libfoo: libfoo-$(FOO_VERSION).tar.bz2 .sum-foo
		$(UNPACK) # to libfoo-$(FOO_VERSION)
		### apply patches here ###
		# last command: make the target directory
		$(MOVE)

	.foo: libfoo
		cd $< && $(HOSTVARS) ./configure $(HOSTCONF)
		cd $< && $(MAKE) install
		touch $@

Conditional builds
-------------------

As far as possible, build rules should determine automatically whether
a package is useful (for VLC media player) or not. Useful packages
should be listed in the PKGS special variable. See some examples:

	# FFmpeg is always useful
	PKGS += ffmpeg

	# DirectX headers are useful only on Windows
	ifdef HAVE_WIN32
	PKGS += directx
	endif

	# x264 is only useful when stream output is enabled
	ifdef BUILD_ENCODERS
	PKGS += x264
	endif

If a package is a dependency of another package, but it is not a
direct dependency of VLC, then it should NOT be added to PKGS. The
build system will automatically build it via dependencies (see below).

Some packages may be provided by the target system. This is especially
common when building natively on Linux or BSD. When this situation is
detected, the package name should be added to the PKGS_FOUND special
variable. The build system will then skip building this package:

	# Asks pkg-config if foo version 1.2.3 or later is present:
	ifeq ($(call need_pkg,'foo >= 1.2.3'),)
	PKGS_FOUND += foo
	endif

Note: The need_pkg function always return 1 during cross-compilation.
This is a known bug.


Dependencies
-------------

If package bar depends on package foo, the special DEPS_bar variable
should be defined as follow:

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	DEPS_bar = foo

Dependency resolution is recursive (unlike in previous versions); the
above will cause bar to also depend on the dependencies of foo.  It is
illegal to have a dependency cycle, and an error will be emitted if
one is created.
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Implementation note:

	If you must know, the main.mak build hackery will automatically
	emit a dependency from .bar onto .dep-foo:

		.bar: .dep-foo

	...whereby .dep-foo will depend on .foo:

		.dep-foo: .foo
			touch $@

	...unless foo was detected in the target distribution:

		.dep-foo:
			touch $@

	So you really only need to set DEPS_bar.